Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)
The hallmarks of this condition are: (1) deficient intelligence, (2) problems in adaptive functioning, and that (3) this condition is visible in early age.
(1) Intelligence can be assessed using IQ tests. Although different IQ scores are generally associated with different levels of severity, adaptive functioning determines observed severity.
(2) Adaptive functioning is a term used to capture how well an individual is able to adapt to the environment and meet age and cultural standards. Categories for adaptive skills are: conceptual, social, and Practical.
(3) The above conditions need to be present during childhood/ adolescence for this diagnosis, as it falls under the class of Neurodevelopmental Disorders.
Information gathered from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.).
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
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